Bearded Dragons are native to eastern and central Australia. Their habitat consists of deserts to dry forests and scrublands. They are a semi-arboreal lizard and can be seen basking on fallen branches, fence posts and picnic tables. They get their name sake from the spikey scaled expandable throat pouch which is called their “beard.” They will puff up when angry or freighted. Bearded Dragons can be 13 to 24 inches long and have a broad, triangular head, round body, short legs, and a robust tail. Their coloration depends and the soil color in there region. This can range from a dull brown to tan with red or gold highlights.
Bearded Dragons can use their “beard” for mating. Though both sexes have a “beard,” the males will display it more frequently. An interesting behavior bearded dragons will show is called arm waving. They will stand on three legs and lift one leg and move it in a circular motion. This makes them look like they are waving or swimming. This is a sign of submission to other dragons. To show dominance, a dragon will bob its head.
Bearded Dragons are opportunistic omnivores. Since they will in harsh environments they are not picky eaters and will eat whatever is available. Their diet will consist of plant matter, insects, and the sometime small rodents or lizards. Due to bearded dragons being so popular in the pet field, Australia has strictly prohibited the export of dragons since 1960. It is thought that the so called “founder stock” of captive bread dragons outside of Australia were smuggled out between 1974 and 1990.