The Red Kangaroo has a naked muzzle with a black and white mark on the sides of the muzzle and a broad white stripe running from the corner of the mouth to base of the ear. Their fur is rather short and velvety to the touch. The front limbs of a Red Kangaroo are small and short with heavily-clawed digits. The hind feet are long and extremely powerful enabling the Red Kangaroo to travel at speeds as fast as 40mph.
Female 'reds' are often called 'blue flyers' due to the blue-grey colouring of their fur.
The Red Kangaroo is found over most of Central Australia. They prefer sparsely wooded or open plains with plenty of shade. They will also occupy mallee scrub and the more arid desert portion of Australia. The Red Kangaroo has adapted well to these hot and dry conditions (where rainfall is less than 500mm per year) and numbers in these areas are abundant.
They normally move in groups ranging from a few dozen to several hundred individuals. These groups are known as mobs. The mob usually consists of a dominant male, a number of adult females, several subordinate males and juveniles of both sexes.
The Red Kangaroo has the ability to survive on very small water rations. The herbage and foliage that the Kangaroo eats provides them with their water needs as well as their nutritional requirements. In times of drought, Red Kangaroo populations can suffer as their food supplies diminish.
The Red Kangaroo breeds all year round. The females have the unique ability to delay birth of their baby until their previous Joey has left the pouch. This is called embryonic diapause. The gestation period is around 33 days. The young Joey will permanently leave the pouch at around 235 days old, but will continue to suckle until it reaches 12 months of age.