Diceros bicornis minor
The black rhinoceros is one of two species of rhinoceros native to Africa, and the Southern black rhinoceros is one of four subspecies of black rhino. During the last century, the black rhino has suffered the most drastic decline of all rhino species.
Between 1970 and 1992, the population of this species decreased by 96%. In 1970, it was estimated that there were approximately 65,000 black rhinos in Africa – but, by 1993, there were only 2,300 surviving in the wild. Intensive anti-poaching efforts have had encouraging results since 1996. Numbers have been recovering and still are increasing very slowly. There are currently approximately 5,000 black rhinos surviving. With the growing purchasing power of many Asian countries, and the existence of organized gangs of poachers who sell rhino horn to black market syndicates in some range countries, the poaching threat remains great and anti-poaching efforts must be continued and accelerated.